Aquaculture Magazine

Octuber-Novembrer 2016

Latin America Report: Recent News and Events

China and Mexico have signed a cooperation agreement with the aim of promoting aquaculture and fishery development through the exchange of specialists and technicians, and to establish common health protocols in order to achieve smoother trade between the two countries.

By: Staff / Aquaculture Magazine

Cooperation Agreement between Mexico and China
Mexico’s potential for aquaculture is vast, and the country’s intention to develop this sector is evident. During the last three years, Mexican aquaculture production has grown as 14 %, a much higher rate compared to the world’s average growth as estimated by FAO, which is 6 %.
On the other hand, China is the main aquaculture producer in the world and it is an important seafood consumer. In 2014, Mexico exported seafood products to China with a total value of US $48 million, while the Chinese exports into Mexico had an estimated value of US $326 million (CONAPESCA 2014).
In early September, SAGARPA and the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences (CAFS) signed an agreement for scientific and technical cooperation focused on aquaculture and fisheries. This agreement aims to enhance the aquaculture industry in the country and establish common health protocols. 
As part of the activities, the Chinese delegation visited Sinaloa, a state located in the northwest of the country and the country’s most developed area for shrimp farming. The visit included a tour on the facilities of the Research Centre for Food and Development (CIAD), as well as a visit to a shrimp larvae production unit.
The visitors had the opportunity to visit extensive, semi-intensive and hyper-intensive shrimp farms, and learn about the experience of Mexican producers in shrimp and tilapia aquaculture, among other species.

Ecuadorian Shrimp Producers Looking to Grow Together as an Industry
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MAGAP) organized the first shrimp roundtable discussion. About 50 representatives of the shrimp industry attended this meeting, where issues like the electrification and automation of shrimp farms were addressed.
The executive president of the National Aquaculture Chamber, José Camposano, noted that the possibility of introducing technology to shrimp farms, reducing production costs and maintaining competitiveness will allow the industry to continue to export.
• The issues covered in the meeting included presentations on:
• the shrimp farm electrification project
• equipment imports with duty exemptions
• investment, credit and other financing options and
• modernization of shrimp feeds
Camposano mentioned that currently the shrimp industry generates approximately 200,000 jobs and more than $2,300 million USD in exports. “With the proper federal support and the capability of the industry, it is possible to grow sustainably as an industry, and thus guarantee, in the short and medium term, the economic revenues generated by this productive activity”, he said.
MAGAP plans to organize these discussion tables once a month and to extend this practice to other provinces in the country. On the other hand, Minister Javier Ponce expressed that these interactions are the best instrument to identify the problems that the shrimp industry is currently facing and to generate possible solutions together: including private, academic and public sectors.

The Construction of the Nicolatian National Aquaculture Center is About to Start
The center will house a whitefish (Chirostoma estor estor) production laboratory with the support of the Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas Hidalgo (UMSNH), and it will be located in Patzcuaro, Mexico.
The construction of the Nicolatian National Aquaculture Center, which will house a whitefish (Pez blanco) production laboratory, started in September of this year. This center will be part of UMSNH and it will be located in Patzcuaro, Mexico. The Nicolatian National Aquaculture Center will specialize in research around the in vitro production of the iconic endangered species, whitefish. The University has conducted research on the production of this species for some time now. This research is characterized by the development of scientific techniques that meet the highest international quality standards with proven results.
For now, research on whitefish reproduction is being carried out at the Institute of Agricultural and Forestry Research, located at the Veterinary School, and at the Institute of Natural Resources Research. The construction of this center will provide an adequate space, suited for the relevance of the work done around the preservation of this emblematic species. that represents the state of Michoacan around the world.

AquaPacifico - New Aquaculture Research and Development
Center in Chile
As part of the National Aquaculture Development Program, AquaPacifico will focus on aquaculture diversification in the northern region of Chile. This Center represents one of the most important efforts to exploit aquaculture’s potential in the country.
A financial study performed in 2008 by the National Innovation Council defined aquaculture as one of the productive sectors with greatest potential in Chile, however, its greatest limitation lies in its dependency on salmon production. As a result, it has been widely recognized that it is necessary to work on diversifying the sector according to the environmental conditions and the potential within each region of the country.
In this context, the Aquaculture Innovation Center AquaPacifico emerged as part of the National Aquaculture Development Program, marking a milestone for promoting aquaculture in northern Chile. AquaPacifico will focus on filling technology gaps and creating platforms to promote aquaculture development and diversification.
On August 30th, the project was launched in the Faculty of Marine Sciences of the Catholic University of the North, located in the region of Coquimbo. AquaPacifico is the result of collaborative efforts between the Catholic University of the North and Fundacion Chile, with an investment of US $17.9 million (CHP $12.000 million).  Half of the project will be financed by CORFO (Production Development Corporation).
In its first stage AquaPacifico will support aquaculture linked to artisanal fisheries. The goal is to increase the use of technology and sustainability in different management areas, and also to work on the development of new species. This 10-year project also aims to generate skills and technological capabilities through new knowledge and technologies for breeding, farming, disease treatment, nutrition and issues related to the sustainability of these production processes.

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